Urinary Biomarkers in Kidney Transplantation: Application of Mass Spectrometry to Measure Peptides and Proteins

The evolution of MS-based analytical techniques has led to an increasing depth of human proteome coverage. Urinary proteomics; it is a more robust platform to identify released proteins and peptides at different stages of kidney diseases and to determine the quantities, functions and interactions, and is a more reliable alternative to renal biopsy.